fail


fail
fail [fāl]
vi.
[ME failen < OFr faillir, to fail, miss < L fallere, to deceive, disappoint < IE base * ĝhwel-, to bend, deviate > Sans hválati, (he) loses the way, errs, Gr phēloein, to deceive]
1. to be lacking or insufficient; fall short [the water supply is failing]
2. to lose power or strength; weaken; die away
3. to stop operating or working [the brakes failed]
4. to be deficient or negligent in an obligation, duty, or expectation; default
5. to be unsuccessful in obtaining a desired end; be unable to do or become; miss
6. to become bankrupt
7. Educ. to get a grade of failure; not pass
vt.
1. to be useless or not helpful to; be inadequate for; disappoint
2. to leave; abandon [his courage failed him]
3. to miss, neglect, or omit: used with an infinitive [he failed to go]
4. Educ.
a) to give a grade of failure to (a pupil)
b) to get a grade of failure in (a subject)
n.
[ME faile < OFr faile < the v.]
failure: now only in the phrase without fail, without failing (to occur, do something, etc.)
——————
fail of
to fail to achieve; be without

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • fail — fail·ing·ly; fail; fail·ure; jeo·fail; un·fail·ing; un·fail·ing·ly; un·fail·ing·ness; …   English syllables

  • Fail — Fail, n. [OF. faille, from failir. See {Fail}, v. i.] 1. Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; mostly superseded by {failure} or {failing}, except in the phrase without fail. His highness fail of issue. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Death; decease.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Fail — Fail, v. t. 1. To be wanting to; to be insufficient for; to disappoint; to desert. [1913 Webster] There shall not fail thee a man on the throne. 1 Kings ii. 4. [1913 Webster] 2. To miss of attaining; to lose. [R.] [1913 Webster] Though that seat… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fail — early 13c., from O.Fr. falir (11c., Mod.Fr. faillir) be lacking, miss, not succeed, from V.L. *fallire, from L. fallere to trip, cause to fall; figuratively to deceive, trick, dupe, cheat, elude; fail, be lacking or defective. Related: Failed;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fail — [v1] be unsuccessful abort, backslide, back wrong horse*, be defeated, be demoted, be found lacking*, be in vain*, be ruined, blunder, break down, come to naught, come to nothing, decline, deteriorate, fall, fall flat*, fall short*, fall through* …   New thesaurus

  • fail — ► VERB 1) be unsuccessful in an undertaking. 2) be unable to meet the standards set by (a test). 3) judge (a candidate in an examination or test) not to have passed. 4) neglect to do. 5) disappoint expectations: chaos has failed to materialize.… …   English terms dictionary